Playing with variables in python

  VARIABLE DECLARATION:

TO DECLARE AND INITIALISE A VARIABLE WE DO IT DIRECTLY IN PYTHON.

RULES FOR DECLARATION OF VARIABLES IN PYTHON:


  1. A variable name should start only with underscore or alphabets.
  2. A variable name should not start with numeric.
  3. A variable name is case sensitive.
  4. A variable can contain alphabets, integer and underscore.

Examples : 

my_name = “ Tom “                   

_myname = “ Tom “                  

_my_name = “ Tom “


TO DECLARE INTEGERS:

We can declare integers, floating numbers and complex numbers.

SYNTAX TO DECLARE FOR INTEGERS:

>>>Intnum =7


>>>print(intnum)

OUTPUT:  7


SYNTAX TO DECLARE FOR STRINGS:

>>>myword = “HelloWorld”

>>>print(mystring)


OUTPUT: HelloWorld


ASSIGNING MULTIPLE VALUES TO VARIABLES:

Python allows the user to initialise the variables simultaneously.


SYNTAX:

>>>x, y, z = ”tom”, “john”, “jim”

>>>print(x)

>>>print(y)

>>>print(z)

OUTPUT: tom

                John

                Jim


BUILT-IN FUNCTIONS:

Python has many inbuilt functions. Now here are some functions which are important and required for those who are learning basics.

  1. abs(x) : This function returns the absolute value of x.
  2. max(x1,x2,x3) : This function returns the largest value among x1,x2,x3.
  3. min(x1,x2,x3) : This function returns the smallest value among x1,x2,x3.
  4. round(x) : Returns the integer nearest to x.
  5. input(x) : It allows user to enter the value of x.


PROGRAM EXECUTION SYNTAX FOR SOME BUILTIN FUNCTIONS:

FOR abs(x):>>>x = -2

                   >>>abs(x) 

                    >>>print(x)

 

                   OUTPUT: 2


 1.FOR max(x1,x2,x3):

>>>x1=5

>>>x2=7

>>>x3=9

>>>x=max(x1,x2,x3)

 >>>print(x)


OUTPUT: 9       



  2.FOR min(x1,x2,x3):

>>>x1=5

>>>x2=7

>>>x3=9

>>>x=max(x1,x2,x3)

>>>print(x)

 

OUTPUT: 5                     

 

 

 

 

MATHEMATICAL FUNCTIONS:

 

Like other programming languages python also has an inbuilt function for mathematical problems.

 

FIRST TO USE WE MUST IMPORT MATHS.

WE SHOULD USE THE SYNTAX:

import math

 

These are the few important mathematical syntaxes: 

  1. math.fabs(x) The mathfabs() method returns the absolute value of a number. Absolute denotes a non-negative number. 

    2 )math.ceil(x)-The java.lang.Math.ceil(double a) Returns the smallest   (closest    to negative infinity) double value that is greater than or equal to the argument and is equal to a mathematical integer

    3.math.floor(x)-The Mathfloor() function returns the largest integer less than or equal to a given number.

    4.math.log(x) 

    5.math.sqrt(x)

    6.math.cos(x)

    7.math.sin(x)

 

PROGRAM EXECUTION:

 

>>>import math

>>>x=math.fabs(-2)

>>>print(x)

 

OUTPUT: 2

 

>>>import math

>>>x=math.ceil(2.1)

>>>print(x)

                      

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